Title IX Requirements

Posted by Joseph D. Lento | Dec 25, 2018 | 0 Comments

Title IX of the Education Amendments is a federal civil rights law that protects students and employees from gender-based discrimination in federally funded schools. This protection extends to education programs and activities in schools that receive federal funding in any capacity, including colleges and universities. Sexual misconduct in all of its forms - sexual assault, sexual harassment, dating violence etc. - is considered gender-based discrimination in accordance with this law. Therefore, under current guidelines, institutions are required to promptly and fairly adjudicate all complaints alleging this misconduct.

Title IX enforces three requirements in which all schools covered by law must adhere to (1) a notice of nondiscrimination, (2) an appointed Title IX coordinator, and (3) established grievance procedures. If schools fail to uphold any of these requirements, repercussions may be imposed.

A notice of nondiscrimination

Each student, staff, and employee must be made aware of their right to not experience discrimination through the distribution of a notice of nondiscrimination. The notice typically contains a statement that affirms the institution does not condone gender-based discrimination at any level in educational programs and activities. It also should have the contact of a Title IX Coordinator in case anyone has any questions regarding the notice, or how to get help if they feel they've experienced discrimination on campus.

The appointment of a Title IX coordinator

Every federally funded institution must appoint what's known as a “Title IX coordinator.” This person is an employee who is designated to ensure the school remains in compliance with Title IX. A good coordinator maintains an equitable Title IX process and protects the rights of complainants (accusers) and respondents (the accused) alike.

Grievance procedures

The third requirement is the adoption and execution of grievance procedures to adjudicate discrimination complaints. At the average school, procedures traditionally include:

  • The filing of a complaint: schools encourage all members of the community to report all alleged instances of sexual misconduct
  • Interim measures: a school's concern becomes to protect the campus community from retaliation. Measures like job rearrangements, schedule changes, housing accommodations, and more are imposed to minimize interactions between the parties involved
  • The investigation: A formal investigation is conducted. Based on the facts collected during the investigation, the investigator will come up with a finding. At many schools, the investigation is the last phase of the process.
  • The hearing: At the remaining schools, complaints are resolved via hearing. At the hearing, a panel will listen to testimony, witness accounts, and final statements. In the end, the panel will deliberate and come up with a determination.
  • Sanctions: If a student is found “responsible” for these allegations, a wide range of sanctions could be imposed.
  • Appeals: If any party is dissatisfied with the outcome of an investigation or hearing, he or she may file an appeal to address their concerns.

Nationwide Title IX Advisor

The only way to make sure your voice is heard and your rights are upheld is to retain a student defense attorney. For respondents, especially, the assistance of an attorney advisor is invaluable in the Title IX process. National Title IX attorney Joseph D. Lento has the skill, experience, and expertise to help you preserve your entitled rights under Title IX and your school's policy. For a case evaluation or more information about his representation, contact him online or give him a call at 888-535-3686 today.

About the Author

Joseph D. Lento

"I pride myself on having heart and driving hard to get results!" Attorney Joseph D. Lento passionately fights for the futures of his clients in criminal courtrooms in Philadelphia and across Pennsylvania as well as in New Jersey and nationwide. He does not settle for the easiest outcome, and instead prioritizes his clients' needs and well-being. With unparalleled experience occupying several roles in the criminal justice system outside of being an attorney, Joseph D. Lento can give you valuable behind-the-scenes insight as to what is happening during all phases of the legal process. Joseph D. Lento is licensed in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York, and is admitted pro hac vice as needed nationwide. In the courtroom and in life, attorney Joseph D. Lento stands up when the bell rings!


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If you, or your student, are facing any kind of disciplinary action, or other negative academic sanction, and are having feelings of uncertainty and anxiety for what the future may hold, contact the Lento Law Firm today, and let us help secure your academic career.

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