Who decides the sanction in a Title IX campus sexual assault case will depend on the particular college or university involved. As things stand at some schools for example, they would use it an investigative process where at the end of the investigation at a determination regarding a finding of responsibility will be made. If a student's found responsible, the investigator may make the determination, the Dean of students may make the determination. It can vary for schools that use a hearing process. At the end of the hearing, a decision may be made by the person deciding the hearing itself or deciding the finding of responsibility.
It may be made by the Dean of students, for example, a disciplinarian at the school. So schools vary in their approach. Often taking into account the school, the students a disciplinary history or lack thereof, other considerations, the circumstances of the case that is, so schools do vary in their approach for university staff or professors who are subject to Title IX or undergo the Title IX process. The determination could be made by human resources, for example. It will vary depending on the school involved in the circumstances of the case an experienced Attorney advisor can help navigate the process and can help potentially mitigate any sanctions if a person were to be found responsible.