The most common types of academic misconduct would include plagiarism. Plagiarism would in fact be quite possibly the most common offense that colleges and universities students are accused of. Also, an unauthorized collaboration, that is collaborating with another student or students for whatever the assignment may be, be it a project or exam or a lab report. Also, unauthorized assistance, using unauthorized materials, in other words, like by accessing a online resource, such as Chegg or Slader. Many college students get into trouble for the use of such online resources.
Schools are not always clear as to whether using such resources are allowed or not. Many schools do disallow, but that's not always the case. A lot of academic misconduct cases are gray areas in terms of whether or not the person is actually responsible for misconduct. An experienced attorney advisor can help you understand both what's involved in going through the disciplinary process and also what's at stake and how to best protect your rights and interests through the process. They should be involved as early as possible in the process.