If you're accused of cheating on a nursing exam, it can affect your career prospects, unfortunately. Certainly, if you're found responsible. If you're not found responsible, then it should not impact your career prospects. In terms of your path forward after nursing school, will you be going to graduate school? Will you be trying to obtain an advanced degree? Will you be trying to become a nurse practitioner or a nurse anesthetist? If you're found responsible for some kind of misconduct charge at your nursing school, that future school will ask if you've ever been found responsible. That could limit your opportunities moving forward in terms of trying to pursue an advanced degree. It can create implications with the nursing board with respect to your professional license. It can definitely affect your career prospects. That's why you need to be extremely careful in terms of how the case is handled. You should not expect the school to do the right thing. You have to take the necessary precautions before you engage with the school in any capacity.
Having an experienced attorney advisor will be your best ally to help protect your rights and interests and to help you understand and navigate the process moving forward. If you're facing any kind of allegation in nursing school, they should be involved as early as possible in the process.