Colleges and universities vary in terms of how they address and respond to campus misconduct. At each specific college and university, they can vary further depending on the nature of the offense. Academic misconduct charges may be handled in one fashion. General disciplinary issues may be handled in another. Title IX cases could be handled in a different fashion altogether yet.
Different schools may use an investigative model where the outcome is determined through an investigation, as the name implies, into the case, and then at the end a decision is made. Other schools may use a hearing model where there's an investigation leading up to a formal hearing that would be taking place. And then some schools use a combination where it's where it's both.
So the process varies, further complicated by the fact by Title IX cases themselves, schools are going to be bound by Title IX law, which is a federal civil rights law intended to prevent and address campus sexual misconduct in part. So there's various scenarios. It's very important to understand how your school will address the case. An experienced attorney advisor can help navigate the process.