The penalties for an academic misconduct allegation or finding can certainly be long-lasting, unfortunately. If a student is found responsible for academic misconduct, it's not necessarily just the short-term consequence, even if it's lesser in nature, be it probation, for example, if it doesn't involve, say, like a suspension or, God forbid, an expulsion. If a person is found responsible, it would be on their disciplinary record. It may be on their academic transcript. Certainly, a suspension or a separation of one's study, such as a suspension would be reflected on a person's academic transcript, even if not directly just by the nature of the suspension itself, but the disciplinary record.
It would be indicated in all instances on a disciplinary record if a student is applying to graduate school or professional schools such as medical school or law school or seeking professional licensure, or seeking, say, certain employment, especially, say, government employment or employment that may require certain clearances. The considerations are countless in terms of how a young person can be impacted by a finding of academic responsibility. Very much is at stake. The best decisions need to be made in terms of both how to address and respond to the allegations of academic misconduct. An experienced attorney advisor can help you best do so and should be involved from as early as possible in the process.