What is the "VAWA" and How Does it Relate to Title IX?

If you haven't been living under a rock for the past few years, you've heard that allegations of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and other forms of sexual misconduct are occurring at epidemic-like rates on college campuses across the country. The current administration has made efforts to decrease these rates through the implementation of several laws that govern college practices. Ultimately, when it comes to remedying solutions, two federal laws are often referenced: The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) and Title IX. 

What is the Violence Against Women Act?

The Violence Against Women Act is legislature that was enacted in 2013 to amend the types of incidents higher education institutions are required to document and report. Since its enactment, the majority of colleges and universities in the nation are now required to include instances of domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking to its list of required reportable crimes. College campuses have adopted uniform policies that address the definitions of sexual misconduct, outline policies on reporting, and manage prevention methods through education in response to the VAWA. 

What is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendment is a federal law that prohibits any form of sexual misconduct on college campuses by obligating schools to adjudicate complaints alleging this behavior. Students involved in these complaints undergo what's known as the Title IX process for resolution. 

These laws are inherently similar in many ways, but there are some differences. 


Both Title IX and VAWA emphasize deterring sex-based discrimination on college campuses. The only difference is that they target different forms of sexual misconduct. Title IX is intended to primarily resolve complaints involving sexual harassment, sexual assault, and rape, while VAWA focuses on adjudicating complaints centering dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking. 

Policies and Procedures

Both laws require the adoption of procedures that address gender discrimination. In both cases, there will be an investigation or fact-finding period, an ultimate determination based on the facts, and sanctions, if applicable. Title IX offers a number of protections that the VAWA may not, and vice versa. The procedures may also be vastly different in terms of the total time of adjudication and regulations. 

Title IX Advisor Helping Students Nationwide

If you've been accused of violating Title IX at your college or university, you need to get in contact with a skilled student defense attorney. Joseph D. Lento has extensive experience helping students in your situation overcome their allegations by helping them build a solid defense. He has the skill, experience, and expertise to help you do the same. If you have questions about your case or want to know more about him or his firm, contact him online or give him a call at 888-535-3686 today.

Contact Us Today!


If you, or your student, are facing any kind of disciplinary action, or other negative academic sanction, and are having feelings of uncertainty and anxiety for what the future may hold, contact the Lento Law Firm today, and let us help secure your academic career.

This website was created only for general information purposes. It is not intended to be construed as legal advice for any situation. Only a direct consultation with a licensed Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York attorney can provide you with formal legal counsel based on the unique details surrounding your situation. The pages on this website may contain links and contact information for third party organizations - the Lento Law Firm does not necessarily endorse these organizations nor the materials contained on their website. In Pennsylvania, Attorney Joseph D. Lento represents clients throughout Pennsylvania's 67 counties, including, but not limited to Philadelphia, Allegheny, Berks, Bucks, Carbon, Chester, Dauphin, Delaware, Lancaster, Lehigh, Monroe, Montgomery, Northampton, Schuylkill, and York County. In New Jersey, attorney Joseph D. Lento represents clients throughout New Jersey's 21 counties: Atlantic, Bergen, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Essex, Gloucester, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Salem, Somerset, Sussex, Union, and Warren County, In New York, Attorney Joseph D. Lento represents clients throughout New York's 62 counties. Outside of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York, unless attorney Joseph D. Lento is admitted pro hac vice if needed, his assistance may not constitute legal advice or the practice of law. The decision to hire an attorney in Philadelphia, the Pennsylvania counties, New Jersey, New York, or nationwide should not be made solely on the strength of an advertisement. We invite you to contact the Lento Law Firm directly to inquire about our specific qualifications and experience. Communicating with the Lento Law Firm by email, phone, or fax does not create an attorney-client relationship. The Lento Law Firm will serve as your official legal counsel upon a formal agreement from both parties. Any information sent to the Lento Law Firm before an attorney-client relationship is made is done on a non-confidential basis.