In Alabama in 2018, enrollment at the many two and four-year postsecondary institutions exceeded 254,000 students. It is now estimated that 10% of undergraduate students identify as being LGBTQ. Colleges and universities across the U.S. are required to adhere to federal guidelines contained in the Title IX amendment.
Title IX was implemented in 1972. Federal enforcement is handled by the Office of Civil Rights (OCR). It requires all schools that receive federal education funds to establish written guidelines and procedures for responding to allegations of sexually-based discrimination.
Potential Title IX Guidelines
The U.S. Department of Education has broadly defined actions that may be deemed as sexual discrimination. They include any acts that discriminate against someone based on their gender or gender identity. These include preventing participation or entry into any type of school-related activities. It may involve inappropriate statements of a sexual nature or sexual abuse, assault, harassment, or coercion.
All schools will designate an administrator to be the Title IX Coordinator that is responsible for maintaining compliance. Complaints may be made anonymously or through other means outlined in their provisions. The institution will have a written policy established that is accessible to all those associated with the school. This will include a procedure for investigating, making a ruling, and potentially imposing sanctions or penalties on those who commit violations.