Students hearing options will depend on the school involved, the particular college or university that is, the nature of the offense. Is it academic misconduct, academic integrity, violations of Title IX sexual misconduct? Is it a general disciplinary issue? Depending on the school and the nature of the offense, it could allow for, say, an administrative hearing, where a student, him or herself, meets with the administrator, accepts responsibility, or denies it, and the case can go in a different direction. Yet, there could be a informal process, a formal process.
For example, in Title IX cases, as long as, say, sexual violence, or non-consensual sex, like rape, say, is not the alleged offense, informal resolution may be possible, or may be able to be negotiated. There's also exceptions to that in terms of even if a school has specific policies. it's possible where accommodations can be made when you have an experienced attorney advisor helping through the process, but the hearing options vary tremendously. It depends on the school. It depends on the specific offense. It also depends on the specific circumstances of the case, and ultimately having an experienced attorney advisor help through the process can help a student choose the best hearing option to address the case.