What is Title IX?
Title IX is a federal civil rights law that prohibits gender-based discrimination against students, staff, and faculty in federally funded educational institutions. Namely, Title IX enforces the notion that every student, regardless of whether they are a man, a woman, or are gay, lesbian, or transgender, is entitled to equal opportunities provided to students and employees in school settings. The vast majority of colleges and universities in the nation - both private and public - comply with this law since most of these institutions receive some form of federal funding, if not significant federal funding.
Although Title IX is commonly applied in situations involving intercollegiate athletics, it offers protections under a number of other areas. Students or employees who have been accused of violating this law may be involved in the following Title IX cases:
- Sexual misconduct and harassment
- Sexual violence, including, rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual abuse, or sexual coercion
- Policies that disadvantage a particular gender
- Employment discrimination
- The unfair treatment of a gender in intercollegiate sports (scholarships, funding, programs etc.)
- Student and employee opportunities in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) related fields and programs
Title IX and Sexual Misconduct
It's important to emphasize that in recent years, Title IX has been commonly associated with sexual misconduct. This behavior is considered gender-based discrimination under this law, which means that schools are obligated to handle these cases by investigating and ultimately re