An academic misconduct case can lead to probation. It will depend on the allegation itself in terms of the severity of it. It will depend on whether the student had prior disciplinary infractions at the school or otherwise. Certain kinds of alleged academic misconduct, if a person is found responsible is more likely to result in probation than others. What would be considered more egregious acts of academic misconduct, such as anything that's, say, planned, such as paying somebody to write a paper or to take an exam or anything along those lines, anything that's planned is considered more of a a breach of the school's trust or expectations.
That kind of behavior would be say less likely to result in probation, whereas a student's first time committing, say, plagiarism, a minor plagiarism unintentionally could possibly result in probation. Probation is a serious concern, however, for most young people, especially as they progress forward in life in terms of graduate school or professional school or employment. All the potential circumstances and implications need to be considered when responding to an academic misconduct case and an experienced attorney advisor can help you best do so and should be involved as early as possible in the process.